BSL Bill provides an opportunity for sign language to finally achieve legal status in the UK

26 January 2022

On Friday 28 January 2022, Labour MP Rosie Cooper will bring forward - through a Private Member's Bill - her British Sign Language (BSL) Bill for its second reading in Parliament.

If the Bill passes into law, a BSL Act would secure the legal status and increase public awareness of BSL. Government Departments and public bodies would also be required to adhere to new guidance, setting out how they must meet the needs of the estimated 87,000 BSL users in the UK.

Should the Bill pass the second reading on 28 January, it will go through to committee stage in February and then a final (third) reading in March. If passed, a BSL Act will mark a historic milestone for Deaf people across the United Kingdom.

If BSL were to finally receive recognition and legal protection, charities and organisations supporting the BSL Act Now! campaign hope it would lead to wider change across society, giving Deaf people to full and equal access to education, employment, public services such as the NHS, opportunities to follow and participate in political debates and issues, sit on a jury, and play a greater role in their local communities.

Across the UK, we see examples every day of the challenges that Deaf people face, from Francesca Bussey - who had to tell her own father in hospital that he was dying as a qualified BSL interpreter was not provided - to Deaf schoolboy and campaigner Daniel Jilling's - who was unable to do a GCSE in his preferred language, BSL, as it is not offered as an option in school. Even the Prime Minister's Office failed to provide a BSL interpreter for public COVID-19 announcements, causing thousands of deaf people to miss out on vital health information which was ruled to be a breach of the Equality Act.

The British Deaf Association (BDA) launched the BSL Act Now! campaign on 18 March 2021 as part of Sign Language Week. The campaign called for Deaf people to write to their MPs, asking for them to introduce a BSL Bill should their name be drawn out of the Private Member's Bill ballot. Nearly 90% of MPs received a letter from their Deaf constituents.

In June 2021, Rosie Cooper's name was drawn, and she confirmed she would take forward a BSL Bill. Cooper's parents were both Deaf and her first language was BSL.

David Buxton, Chair for the British Deaf Association said:

"18 March 2003 was when the UK Government first formally recognised British Sign Language as a language in its own right. It also promised to investigate a legal status for BSL. Nineteen years on, we're still waiting. Enough is enough! We are tired of being excluded from playing a full role in society.

"Deaf people still do not have access to the same essential information and services that are available to the hearing population. The Equality Act does not cover linguistic rights. We are forced to rely on inadequate disability discrimination legislation to access information in our own language.
"British Sign Language is an indigenous language of the UK and should be accorded the same legal protection as Welsh and Scottish Gaelic."

Mark Atkinson, Chief Executive at RNID, said:

"RNID and our supporters know how important it is to be part of the BSL Act Now! campaign, which we hope will secure full legal recognition for British Sign Language. BSL is the first language of 87,000 Deaf people in the UK, and this Bill represents a unique opportunity to recognise their language, history and culture, and help ensure BSL users are fully included in society.

"We're pleased to be alongside other charities working with Deaf people in the fight to bring about this momentous change. We hope parliamentarians will support Rosie Cooper to get the Bill over the line and give Deaf people the recognition they deserve."

Nine Deaf sector organisations have come together representing the diversity of the Deaf community in the UK. They are united in calling for a BSL Act to achieve legal status for British Sign Language as the primary language of the Deaf community in the United Kingdom.

In late 2021, Deaf trailblazer Rose Ayling-Ellis' glittering success on BBC Strictly Come Dancing got British Sign Language into every newspaper, every TV channel and on radio stations across the country. It started a conversation and opened many people's eyes to the existence of British Sign Language and the obstacles faced every day by Deaf people in the UK. Rose's achievement showed that Deaf people can achieve anything when those obstacles are removed - for example, by providing a qualified BSL interpreter.

Rose Ayling-Ellis said in this month's The Big Issue:

"I'm backing [the Bill] because this is my language. The fact that my country doesn't see it that way is really sad and means we don't get the respect we deserve, and the language deserves".

"BSL is not an official language, legally, in this country. Which is outrageous. Because it is such a beautiful, rich language with its own structure, its own grammar, its own slang. It's even got accents."

On Friday 28 January, BSL Act Now! is holding a rally on Parliament Square Garden, where we encourage the Deaf community and their hearing allies to come to and show their support for the Bill. All are welcome to come along and show their support for the Bill between 11:30am and 2:30pm.

We are also asking everyone to write to their MP asking them to support the second reading of the bill on Friday 28 January, share stories of the challenges they may have faced due to lack of access to public services in BSL and raise awareness by sharing photos on social media with the hashtags #BSLBill and #BSLActNow.

This Bill presents a real opportunity for change, to break down communication barriers and to give Deaf people the recognition, inclusion, and equality that they deserve.


To request an interview or find out more information, please contact Matthew Ford, Marketing and Digital Services Manager at Signature (

Note to editors

BSL Act Now Campaign

The BSL Act Now! Campaign has been led by the British Deaf Association (BDA), who is working with several other Deaf charities and sector organisations whose purpose is to support the Deaf community.

These organisations represent the diversity of the Deaf community in the UK. We are united in calling for a BSL Act to achieve legal status for British Language as the primary language of the Deaf community in the United Kingdom.

Achieving legal recognition of BSL through an Act of Parliament (a BSL Bill) in the UK would be a huge step forward in terms of improving Deaf people's quality of life, their inclusion and autonomy in British society, educational and professional opportunities, and even their health outcomes.

The group are RNID, Royal Association for Deaf people (RAD), Signature, Institute of British Sign Language (iBSL), SignHealth, National Deaf Children's Society (NDCS), National Register of Communication Professionals working with Deaf and Deafblind People (NRCPD), and Black Deaf UK.

For more information, see:

What is British Sign Language?

British Sign Language is a signed, visual language that uses hand and body movements as well as facial expressions and eye gaze to express meaning. It is a language in its own right with its own vocabulary, grammar and syntax. BSL is not dependent upon or related to English and is used mainly by people who are Deaf, their families and friends, and interpreters, teachers and other professionals who work with Deaf people.

British Sign Language is not international - there are hundreds of different sign languages around the world. For example, the sign languages used in Ireland and the USA developed separately from BSL, while Australian, New Zealand and South African Sign Languages are historically related to BSL.

Just like with spoken languages, there are regional variations or "accents" of BSL, although these are mutually intelligible. For example, the sign for 'holiday' which has around 10 -12 sign variations depending upon the area of the UK that you are in.

British Sign Language is a real, full and living language that is part of a rich cultural heritage of the British Deaf community and one of the UK's indigenous languages.

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