BSL Bill passes final hurdle in Commons as thousands of Deaf people celebrate in Trafalgar Square

21 March 2022

BSL rally - Recognition equality inclusion

Press Release: London, 18 March 2022

A Bill to recognise British Sign Language (BSL) as a language of England, Scotland and Wales has passed unopposed by MPs this afternoon on its third and final reading in the House of Commons.

The BSL Bill, which was brought forward by Labour MP Rosie Cooper as a Private Member's Bill and has since gained cross-party support, will now progress to the House of Lords, where it will be introduced by Lord Holmes of Richmond on Monday 21 March.

On the same day, the British Deaf Association (BDA) held a BSL Rally in Trafalgar Square to show the Deaf community's support for the Bill and to celebrate Sign Language Week, which runs from 14-20 March.

Thousands of Deaf and Deafblind BSL signers and their hearing friends, family members and allies attended the peaceful Rally on a glorious sunny afternoon.

High-profile speakers in attendance included Rosie Cooper MP, who grew up with Deaf parents; the Minister for Disabled People, Chloe Smith MP, who signed part of her speech in BSL; and Deaf actress and winner of Strictly Come Dancing 2021 Rose Ayling-Ellis, who read a poem by Deaf poet Raymond Antrobus.

If the Bill passes into law, a BSL Act would represent a positive step forward for the Deaf community in Britain in terms of the recognition, facilitation and wider public awareness of their language.

A BSL Act would:

  • recognise British Sign Language as a language of England, Wales and Scotland*;
  • require the Secretary of State to report on the promotion and facilitation of the use of British Sign Language by ministerial government departments; and
  • require guidance to be issued in relation to British Sign Language, setting out how government departments and public bodies must meet the needs of the estimated 87,000** Deaf people in the UK for whom BSL is a first or preferred language.

(*The BSL Bill does not include provisions covering Northern Ireland, which is in the unique position of having two national sign languages - British Sign Language and Irish Sign Language - and is preparing to introduce its own BSL / ISL Bill through the NI Assembly.)

(**That number does not include hearing people who can sign, such as the family members, friends and colleagues of Deaf people, BSL interpreters, teachers of the Deaf, and so on. The British Deaf Association estimates that British Sign Language is the first or preferred language of around 151,000 people in the UK).

18 March is a significant date for the Deaf community, as it marks exactly 19 years since the UK government first formally recognised BSL as a language in its own right, distinct from spoken English.

The government at that time promised to investigate a legal status for BSL. However, that has not happened, despite two decades of campaigning from the Deaf community. As a result, Deaf people have continued to struggle to access essential, sometimes life-saving, public services and information in British Sign Language.

David Buxton, Chair of the British Deaf Association said:

"The BSL Bill presents a real opportunity for change, to finally break down avoidable communication barriers and to give Deaf people and their language - BSL - the recognition, inclusion, and equality that they deserve.

"If the BSL Bill passes into law, we are ready to work hand-in-hand with the UK government to redesign public services that meet the unique needs of the 151,000 people who have British Sign Language as their first or preferred language.

"We also hope that the legal recognition of BSL will encourage many more people across the UK to learn British Sign Language and go on to become interpreters, bilingual professionals and allies of the Deaf community. BSL can bring us all together as a society."

Mark Atkinson, Chief Executive at RNID, said:

"We at RNID, our supporters and the wider Deaf community are delighted that the British Sign Language Bill has cleared the final stage of its passage through the House of Commons. We hope it receives the same support from peers in the House of Lords as it has from MPs and ministers.

"We welcome the mechanisms within the Bill and commitment from Government to working with a proposed advisory board of Deaf people to put the Bill into practice. Giving the Deaf community a seat at the table will mean government policies and public services will the meet the needs of Deaf people for fully inclusive and accessible services.

"We mustn't miss the vital opportunity the Bill gives us to win legal recognition of BSL and expand Deaf people's rights.

On behalf of the Deaf community and alongside other charities, we will continue pushing to make sure the Bill is passed into law before the end of this session of Parliament."

Media contact

To request an interview or for further information, please contact:

Lauren Harris
PR & Communications Consultant
British Deaf Association (BDA)

Mobile: 07861 035699

British Deaf Association (BDA)

The BDA is a Deaf people's organisation run by Deaf people, for Deaf people. We represent a diverse, vibrant and ever-changing community of British Deaf people.

Our activities, promotions, and partnerships with other organisations aim to empower our community towards full participation and contribution as equal and valued citizens in the wider society. We also aim to act as guardians of British Sign Language. The BDA stands for Deaf Equality, Access and Freedom of choice.

For more information, see:

BSL Bill

The BDA launched the "BSL Act Now!" campaign on 18 March 2021 as part of Sign Language Week. The campaign called for BSL users to write to their MPs, asking for them to introduce a BSL Bill should their name be drawn out of the Private Member's Bill ballot. Nearly 90% of MPs received a letter from constituents who use British Sign Language.

In June 2021, Rosie Cooper's name was drawn, and she confirmed she would take forward a BSL Bill. Cooper's parents were both Deaf and her first language was BSL.

For more information about the Bill, see:

BSL Act Now! Campaign

The BSL Act Now! Campaign has been set up and led by the British Deaf Association (BDA), which is working with several other Deaf charities and sector organisations whose purpose is to support the Deaf community.

These organisations represent the diversity of the Deaf community in the UK. We are united in calling for a BSL Act to achieve legal status for British Language as the primary language of the Deaf community in the United Kingdom.

Achieving legal recognition of BSL through an Act of Parliament (a BSL Bill) in the UK would be a positive step forward in terms of improving Deaf people's quality of life, their inclusion and autonomy in British society, educational and professional opportunities, and even their health outcomes.

The group are RNID, Royal Association for Deaf people (RAD), Signature, Institute of British Sign Language (iBSL), SignHealth, National Deaf Children's Society (NDCS), National Register of Communication Professionals working with Deaf and Deafblind People (NRCPD), and Black Deaf UK.

For more information, see:

BSL Rally - 18 March 2022

To watch the BDA's Facebook livestream of today's Rally, see:

Sign Language Week 2022

Sign Language Week is celebrated across the UK every year in March to coincide with the anniversary of the recognition of British Sign Language (BSL) by the UK Government in 2003.

Sign Language Week is an initiative of the British Deaf Association. This year's Sign Language Week will run from 14 - 20 March 2022.

This year's theme is "BSL Brings Us Together". The campaign hashtags are #SignLanguageWeek, #SLWeek2022 and #BSLBringsUsTogether.

BDA are delighted that SignLive, the Video Relay Service (VRS) and Video Remote Interpreting (VRI) provider, will be our Headline Sponsor for Sign Language Week 2022.

For more information, see:


We are the charity making life fully inclusive for deaf people and those with hearing loss or tinnitus. Together, we campaign for an inclusive society. We connect people to practical advice and pioneer new treatments for hearing loss and tinnitus. For more information, see:

What is British Sign Language?

British Sign Language is a signed, visual language that uses hand and body movements as well as facial expressions and eye gaze to express meaning. It is a language in its own right with its own vocabulary and grammar. BSL is not dependent upon or related to English and is used mainly by people who are Deaf, their families and friends, and interpreters, teachers and other professionals who work with Deaf people.

Sign Language is not international - there are hundreds of different sign languages around the world. For example, the sign languages used in Ireland and the USA developed separately from BSL, while Australian, New Zealand and South African Sign Languages are historically related to BSL.

Just as with spoken languages, there are regional variations or "accents" of BSL, although these are mutually intelligible. For example, the sign for 'holiday' which has around 10-12 sign variations depending upon the area of the UK that you are in.

British Sign Language is a natural, living language that is part of a rich cultural heritage of the British Deaf community and one of the UK's indigenous languages.

Check the register

Find and contact a communication professional